John Cleves Symmes

From Kook Science

John Cleves Symmes
John Cleves Symmes - pencil.jpg

From a pencil drawing by Peyton Symmes

Born 5 November 1780(1780-11-05)
Sussex County, New Jersey
Died 28 May 1829 (48)
Hamilton, Ohio
Nationality American
Workplace(s) United States Army (1802-1816; attained rank of Captain, 1812)
Known for "Theory of Concentric Spheres and Polar Voids"

John Cleves Symmes (November 5, 1780 - May 28, 1829) was an American army officer, trader, and later author of the hollow earth theory of "Concentric Spheres and Polar Voids," holding that "earth is hollow and habitable within; containing a number of solid concentric spheres, one within the other, and that it is open at the poles twelve or sixteen degrees."[1]

Selected Bibliography




  1. Cleves in his Circular Number 1, 1818.