Bibliography of Cryptography (1938 book)

From Kook Science

Bibliography of Cryptography: a Catalog of Books Pertaining to the Science of Codes and Cyphers
Author J. D. Volts
Publisher The Author
Location Cincinnati
Pub. date 1938
Language English

Contents: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


IT BECAME apparent in the very beginning of the compilation of this bibliography that the first edition could not be complete nor without error. The endless task of consulting libraries throughout the country, the correspondence with foreign collectors and dealers during the last five years has resulted in this little book. It is my earnest hope that those who find errors or those who may have additions either to information which I have or about books not in the bibliography that they will communicate with me; that the second edition will be much more complete.

The conflict of available information on Cryptographic Works is amazing, and many learned authorities give different dates and titles for the same book. Some books which must have been sensational in their day, are conspicuous by the total absence of information about them. If you find the name of a book without any other information, you may be sure that my present resources have been exhausted without result. It was also necessary to decide whether or not to include Commercial Code Books, Books on the Shakespeare-Bacon Controversy, Works of Fiction using a cipher in the plot, and books remotely connected with the subject of Cryptography. I included all that came to my attention in addition to the wellknown common and very scarce text books. I have also used the long titles, when the information was available.

I included Commercial Code Books, first of all, because I collect them along with works on Cryptography; second, because many of the books on Cryptography are out of print, very hard to secure, and are expensive. It is my suggestion to those who would collect books on Cryptography that they collect Commercial Code Books also. They can be picked up in many second-hand book stores and are quite inexpensive. To add books to your collection gives zest to the enterprise which will not be forthcoming during the long waits for scarce and out of print Cryptographic text books. The same reasons apply equally well to the books on Shakespeare-Bacon Controversy. While I hold no brief with either side, I urgently urge the student of Cryptography to read these books. It may open a new avenue of research for I am sure that much has been written that never has been read.

The works of fiction using a cipher as a plot are interesting, to say the least, and in many cases the investigator, as he unravels the cipher, is down right funny. Certainly many of these fictional investigators were not trained Cryptographers, but to read is to know, and many a potent idea awaits those who will venture into the light side of Cryptography.

While I have compiled this bibliography mainly in the interest of the student of Secret Writing, collectors will find it useful, through not complete. It is my idea that once the first edition of this little book is put into interested hands, that it will grow by leaps and bounds, and in time will be the standard reference bibliography on the subject of Cryptography.

James D. Volts,
1030 Woodlawn Avenue,
February 1, 1938.
Cincinnati, Ohio.


  • Appier, Jean, Methode pour escrire occultement a son amy par l'Alphabet de Trithemius. Par laquelle l’on peut escrire et composer congruement en latin promptement, soit par gens ignorans de la langue latine ou non, en cachant soubs ce latinune missiue en quelle langue que l’on voudra. Pont. a Mousson, Ch Marchant in 4 de 32ff.
  • Arensberg, Walter C., The Cryptography of Dante, 494pp, Knopf, New York 1921 (2). (Published at $6.00).
  • Arensberg, Walter C., The Cryptography of Shakespeare, Part 1, 280pp, H. Bowen, Los Angeles 1922 (2). (Do not know if Part 2 was published )
  • August II, Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, 1579–1666, Gustavi Saleni Cryptomenytices et cryptográphiae libra IX, in quibus & planissima. Steganograpphiae à Johanne Trithemio . . . magicèë & aenigmaticè olim conscriptae enodatio traditur . . . (Lunaeburgi, Henrici fratrum, der Sternen bibliopolarum lunaeburgensium 1624) 493pp, (2).


  • Bailey, J. E., Cryptography in Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th Edition, 1895.
  • Ball, W. W. Rouse, Mathematical Recreation and Essays, 7th Edition, London 1917 and later (Published at $3.50). (Contains 29 valuable pages on Ciphers.)
  • Bazeries, Etienne, Les chiffres secrets devoiles Etude historique . . . 282pp, E. Fasquelle, Paris 1901 (2).
  • Same, Etude sur la Cryptographie Militaire, Paris 1900.
  • Same, Chiffres de Napoleon, Fontainbleau 1896.
  • Same, Le Masque de Fer, Paris 1893. (Do not know if this is on Ciphers.)
  • -----, Bacon's, Roger, Manuscript, Review of Reviews, July 1921.
  • -----, Same title, Scientific American Monthly, June 1921.
  • (Blaire, William), Cipher, 117 pp, Ree's Cyclopaedia 1819. 2 P (2).
  • Bloomer, J. G., The Pacific Cryptograph. A complete Double Index Cipher for Telegraphing, San Francisco 1872. Second Edition, San Francisco 1875.
  • Beaufort, Admiral Sir F., A Card of Cryptography, System of Secret Writing Adapted for Telegrams and Post Cards, London (1895?).
  • Bentley's Complete Phrase Code, nearly 1000 million combinations. Quarto, Leather, New York. (No date?)
  • Berkel, E., Telegraphic Cryptogram, Scientific American, December 11, 1915 (2).
  • Bertaini, Essai de dechiffrement de quelques inscriptions etrusques., Leipzig 1860, in 8 relie.
  • Beard, Daniel C., The American Boys Book of Signs, Signals and Symbols (Published at $3.00. Do not have place or date of publication.)
  • Beaudoire, Theophile, Genèse de la cryptographie apostolique et de l'architecture rituelle du premier au seizième siécde: baptistères, basiliques, amulettes, sarcophages, fresques, numismatique, manuscripts, chartes et bulles, (etc.) Paris, (Imprimerie: chez E. Capioment & cie) 1902, 291 pp. (2).
  • -----, Book of Cryptograms, Contains 40 Codes and Ciphers, Published by Aurand's Book Store, Harrisburg, Pa., (Published at $1.00) Harrisburg, Pa., 1932.
  • Borden, H. A., Cipher Codes. Scientific American Supplement, March 3, 1917 (2).
  • Boyer and Other, Real Puzzles, Baltimore, 1925. [For information write Mr. John Q. Boyer, 2034 N. Fulton Ave., Baltimore, Md.]
  • Booth, William Stone, Some Acrostic Signatures of Francis Bacon, together with some others, all of which are now for the first time deciphered and published. Boston, 1909, 4to, cloth.
  • Same, Subtle Shining Secrecies writ in the margents of books generally ascribed to William Shakespeare, the Actor and here ascribed to William Shakespeare, the Poet. Boston, 1925. 8vo, cloth back, boards, paper labels.
  • Same. The Hidden Signatures of Francesco Colonna and Francis Bacon, a comparison of their methods. With evidence of Marston and Hall that Bacon was the author of Venus and Adonis. (n.p.n.d. 2)
  • Boetzel, A., Methode einer neuen Geheimschrift, Geheimtelegraphie, Geheimsprache, Geheimtelephonie und Gheimdruck. Leipzig, F. A. Berger, 1900, 85 pp. (2).
  • Brewton, William W., Science of the cipher. Scientific American Supplement, June 19, 1915, v. 79:394–395 (2).
  • Breithaupt, Chrn., Ars decifratoria sive scientia occultes scripturas solvendi et legendo. Praemissa est Disquisitio historica de variis modis occulte scribendi tam spud veteres quam recentiores visitatis Helmstadii, Weygand, 1737 in-8, de 32, 160pp. et 6ff. D. rel. de L'epoque (quelques trous de ver. Avoc une planche pliante. et de nombrsuses figures.)
  • Brights Characterie 1588 (First English system of shorthand).
  • Bridges, Noah, Stenographie and cryptographie, or the arts of short and secret writing. London, Printed by J. G. for the author, 1659. 66pp. (2)
  • Bunting, Cable Code.
  • Buranelli, Prosper and Others. Cryptogram Book, New York, 1929, 138pp. (2).
  • Burnz, Channing. The thorough cipher code for telegraphing and for written communications where secrecy is desirable. New York (1891), 197pp. (2).
  • Butler, A. J. Some Elizabethan cipher-books. (In Bibliographical Society, Transactions, London 1901 V.6: 127-135) (2).
  • -----, BI – Literal cypher of Sir Francis Bacon, 3rd. edition, London and Detroit 1901.
  • Burnett, E. C. Ciphers of the revolutionary period. American historical review, Jan. 1917., v. 22:329-334 (2).


  • Cameron, J. B., Cameron's exponent of cipher., Ledger print (189-?) 8 p. Bookhaven, Miss., The mystery simplified.
  • Carstensen, A., ed. Zebra Code, 4th ed. London 1933 (Benn 428).
  • Clark, Indian Sign Language.
  • -----, Cipher Dispatches (No title page, a pamphlet in the Cin. Lib.) (This is 4 Vols. of reproduced Telegrams in cipher or code.)
  • Clarke, Thomas M., The cypher abstract. A complete and concise form for abstracting deeds, mortgages and leases in cypher . . . containing a complete abstract of all lands in the same section on one page. With a key to the cypher. 2d. ed. rev. 13 p. (Shoals, Ind., 1881) (2).
  • Clauson-Thue, W., The ABC Universal Commercial Electric Tel. Code, 480 pp, A. C. Co., Fourth Ed.
  • Clauson-Thue, W., A. B. C. Univ. Commercial Code, 1400 pp., A. C. Co., N. Y., 1901, Fifth Edition.
  • [Collier, Ray], Cryptography or Secret Writing. 36 p. Manhardt-Alexander, Inc., Buffalo, New York, 1932 (2).
  • Cooper, K. S. Cipher Stories Puzzle Book (25 Stories each containing at least 2 cipher puzzles). New York, 1928.
  • Corvin, Otto von, The secret letter writer. A comprehensible and secure system of cipher-writing for general use. 57 p., New York (W. Radde). 1865 (2).
  • Cordonnier — Dissertation Critique, 1741 (French).
  • -----, Clive's Linear System of Shorthand. 1830. (Contains plate of Charles I favorite cipher.)
  • Cryptogram, The, Official Organ of the American Cryptogram Assn., published bi-monthly. First Issue Feb., 1932. (For information on the Association or the Publication, communicate with Mr. George C. Lamb, Burton, Ohio.)
  • -----, Cryptography. In New international encyclopaedia. 2d ed., Vol 6, p. 324-325, New York, 1914 (2).
  • -----, Cryptography. In Encyclopaedia Britannica., 11th ed. v. 7, p. 565-
  • -----, Cryptography. In New international encyclopaedia, 2d ed., v. 6, p. 324-325, New York 1914 (2). 566, New York, 1910 (2).


  • Darnell, H. A., Cipher codes, Scientific American, v. 113, p. 181. Aug. 28, 1915 (2).
  • Davys, John, An Essay on the Art of Decyphering in which is inserted a discourse of Dr. Wallis, 1737.
  • Deckherr, De Scriptis Adespotis, Amsterdam, 1686 (Latin) (Deckherri).
  • De Lage, Emile, La Chiffre-cryptographie L’Art de S'Ecriere en Secret Absolu, Paris, 1900.
  • Delastolle, F., Cryptographic Monvelle Paris, 1893.
  • Delastelle, F., Traite Elementaire de Cryptographie, Paris, 1902.
  • Dickson, S. B., Coded Limericks, 50 laugh provoking limericks in secret ciphers accompanied by the Gold Bug. New York, 1925.
  • Donnelly, Ignatius, The Great Cryptogram, Chicago, 1888 (A large work on the Shakespeare-Bacon Controversy).
  • Donnelly, Ignatius, Cipher in the plays and on the Tombstone, 1899.
  • -----, De geheime brieven-schryver, nangetoond met verscheydene voorbeclien. 176 p. Amsterdam, B. Mourik (17—) (2).
  • Down, Phil, Key to Puzzledom. New York, 1906. [For information write Mr. John Q. Boyer, 2034 N. Fulton Ave., Baltimore, Md.]
  • Doyle, Conan, The Adventure of Dancing Men. (Published in The Return of Sherlock Holmes, also in the complete Holmes' editions.) (It is said that cryptography also inters some of the other Holmes stories.)
  • Dredd, F., Poe and secret writing. v. 28:450–451. Bookman, Jan., 1909. (2).
  • -----, Delle Scritture in Cifra, Pasini. Rome, 1872 (Italian).


  • Edwards, E. C., Cipher codes and their uses. Scientific American, v. 113:9. July 3, 1915 (2).


  • Falconer, John, Cryptomenysis patefacta; or, The art of secret information disclosed without a key. Containing plain and demonstrative rules, for decyphering all manner of secret writing . . . 180 p., London, D. Brown, 1685 (2).
  • Fleissner van Wostrowitz, Eduard B., Handbuch der Kryptographie. Anleitung zum Chiffriren und Dechiffriren von Geheimachriften. Wien, E. W. Seidel & Sohn, 189 p., Vienna, 1881. (2).
  • Friedman, W. F., Elements of Cryptanalysis. (1924).
  • (Friedman, William F.), The index of Coincidence and its applications in Cryptography. 87 p. Riverbank Laboratories, Geneva, Ill., 1922. (Riverbank Laboratories) Publication No. 22. (2).
  • (Friedman, W. F.), Several machine ciphers and methods for their solution. 58 p. Riverbank Laboratories, Geneva, Ill., 1918. (Riverbank Laboratories) Pub. No. 20. (2).
  • (Friedman, W. F.), The History of the Use of Codes and Code Language. The International Telegraphic Regulations pertaining thereto and bearing of this history on the Cortina Report. (1928). (2).
  • (Friedman, W. F.), Synoptic tables for the star cipher. 27 e., Riverbank Laboratories, Department of Ciphers, Geneva, Ill., 1918. (2).
  • (Friedman, W. F.), Riverbank Laboratories, Geneva, Ill. An introduction to methods for the solution of ciphers . . . 46 p. “Publication No. 17,” Riverbank Laboratories, Department of Ciphers, Geneva, Ill., 1918. (2).
  • (Friedman, W. F.), Synoptic tables for the Solution of Ciphers and a bibliography of Cipher literature. 16 p., Riverbank Laboratories, Geneva, Ill., 1918. (Riverbank Laboratories, Publication No. 18.) (2).
  • (Friedman, W. F.), A method of reconstructing the primary alphabet from a single one of the series of secondary alphabets . . 9 p., Riverbank Laboratories, Geneva, Ill, 1917. Publication No. 15. (2).
  • Friedman, W. M. F., Codes and Ciphers in Encyclopedia Brittanica, 14th Edition.
  • (Friedman, W. F.), Methods for the Reconstruction of Primary Alpahbets. 14 p., Riverbank Laboratories, Geneva, Ill., 1918. Riverbank Laboratories, Publication No. 21. (2).
  • (Friedman, W. F.), Methods for the solution of running-key ciphers. 42 p., Riverbank Laboratories, Geneva, Ill., 1918. Publication No. 16. (2).
  • -----, Friendly Group Cipher Annual 1936 (Mimeographed). For information, see American Cryptogram Assn., or the Cryptogram.)


  • Gallup, Elizabeth Wells, The Bi-Literal Cipher of Sir Francis Bacon discovered in his works. Third Edition, Detroit and London, 1901. (Contains scheme of his cipher and decipherment of his works.)
  • Gioppi, L., La Crittografia, 1897.
  • -----, Graphic Spy Code, Lit. Digest, February 9, 1918.
  • Givierge, Marcel, Coûrs de Cryptographi. e 304 p. Berger Levrault, Paris, 1925.
  • Grandpre, A De, La Cryptographie Pratique, Paris, 1905.
  • Grant, Maxwell, Chain of Death, A complete Shadow Novel in the July 15, 1934, issue of the Shadow Magazine. (Includes two cipher systems.)
  • Graves, Dr. A. K., The Secrets of the German War Office.
  • Graves, Dr. A. K., The Secrets of the Hohenzollerns.
  • Gray, Harvey, Cryptography, or The art of secret writing. 31 p. Keating
  • Gross, H., Handbuck fuer Untersuchungsrichter, Munich, 1914.
  • -----, Die Geheimschrift im Dienste der påpstlichen Kurie von ihren Anfängen bis zub Ende des XVI. Jahrhunderts. Paderborn, F. Schöningh, 1906. 450 p. (Quennen und Forschungen aus dem Gebiete der Geschichte. Hrag von der Córres-Gesellschaft. XI Rd.) (2). & Co., Boston, 1874. (2).
  • Gruters, Inscriptiones. ( ? : ).


  • Hartswick, F. Gregory, Almost Perfect Cipher System, in Esquire, April, 1936, issue. (Relates to the Playfair Cipher.)
  • Haswell, John H., Secret writings: ciphers of the ancients, and some of those in modern use. Century Magazine, v. 85:83-92, Nov., 1912. (2).
  • Hassard, John R. G., Cryptography in politics. North American Review, v. 128:315-325, Mar., 1879. (2).
  • Heidel, Wolfgang. E., JOHANNIS TRITHEMII, Steganographia qvas h cvsque a nemine intellecta ... nvnc tandem vindicata, reserata et illvstrata ... Norimbergae, ap d J. F. r digervin, 1721. 364 p. (2).
  • Hiller, Ludwig H., Mysterivm artis steganographicae novissimum, in gratiam collegii curiosorum, modum omnes epistolas, aliaque scripta incognita . . . Ulmae, sumtibus Georgii W. Kühnen, bibliop., typis haered. Christiani B. Kühnen, 1682. 470 p. (2).
  • Hiller, H. L., Mysterium artis steganographicas. Ulm., 1682, in 8 velin.
  • Hitt, Col. Parker, The A B C of Secret Writing. New York, 1935–6.
  • Hitt, Parker, Manual for the solution of military ciphers. 101 p. Press of the Army Service Schools, Fort Leavenworth, Kan., 1916. 2nd Ed. 1918. (2).
  • Holstein, O, New cipher, Scientific American supplement, v. 83:235. April 14, 1917. (2).
  • Holstein, O, Ciphers of Porta and Vigenere. Scientific American, Oct., 1921.
  • Hulme, F. E., Cryptography, or the Principles and Practice of Cipher Writing, London (1898).
  • Hunt, Arthur S., A Greek Cryptogram. London, 10 p., H Milford (1929). [From the Proceedings of the British Academy, Vol XVI. (2).


  • -----, Intl. Register of Telegraphic and Trade addresses, 1932-1933, 1933-1934, 2 Vols.


  • Jacob, La Cryptographie. Paris, 1858.
  • Johnston, WILLIAM, The Waddington Cipher (a novel). N. Y., 1923.
  • Johnston, T. M., Secrets of Master Spies. Popular Mechanics, Apr., 1932, and Sept., 1932.
  • Josse, H., La Cryptographie et ses Applications à L'art Militaire. Paris, 1885.


  • Kasiski, F. W., Die Geheimschriften und die dechiffrirkinst. Berlin, 1863
  • Kerchkhoffs, Aug., La Cryptographie Militaire. Ou Des Chiffres usites en temps de guerre. Paris, 1883.
  • Kendal, Norman, Criminal Investigation, Part 3, Chap. 15 on Cryptography.
  • King, Rufus, Murder by Latitude. Pub. by Doubleday, Doran & Co., N. Y., 1930. (Contains scheme for transposition cipher.)
  • Kirk, Ciphers ( ? P : )
  • Kircher, Athanas, Polygraphia nova et universalis. Rome, 166), in folio, velin.
  • Klüber, Johan N. L., Kryptographik. Lehrbuck der Geheimschreibekunst (Chiff rimund Dechiffrirkunst) in Staats—und Privatgeschäften. Tubingen, J. G. Gotta, 1809. 472 p. “Literatur der Kryptographik”: p. 1-19. (2).
  • -----, Keeping Government Cipher Codes Secret. Lit. Digest, Sept. 11, 1915.
  • Kooken, Don. L., Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology. Cryptography in Criminal Investigation in two issues, Mar., 1936 and May-June, 1936.
  • Koch, Edward, Cryptography; or Cipher writing a study of Cryptography — an analysis of difficult crytography . . . some cryptographic mysteries explained. 84 p, Buecher Pub. Co., Belleville, Ill., 1936.


  • Langie, Andre, Cryptography Fr. (A Study in Secret Writings). 192 p. Pub. by Constable & Co., Ltd., I,ondon, 1922—. Translated by J. C. H. McBeth. (2).
  • Larrabee, Chas. S., Cipher, Secret Letter and Telegraphic Code. Van Nostrand, N. Y., 1884, 15 pp., cloth. ' -
  • Layng, Charles, Pamphlet how to code and decode Cryptograms, 1930. [This was mentioned in Real Detective Tales Mag., Mar., 1930.]
  • Liaison, Academic Division, The Cavalry School, Fort Riley, Kansas, 1926-1927.
  • Lieber, B. Franklin, Standard Telegraphic Code, 800 pp., Lieber Pub. Co., N. Y., 1898.
  • Lieber, B. Franklin, Five-Letter American Code, 800 pp., N. Y., 1915.
  • Lindenfels, Den hemmelige Skrivekonst eller: Chiffrer og Dechiffer-Konston. Copenhaugue. 1819. in-8, cart. Avec 9 planches et 1 table.
  • Lucas, E. V., “Two Codes” in Visibility Good. Lippincott, 1931.
  • -----, Literary Digest, pp. 46-51, Nov. 3, 1917.
  • Lysing, Henry (Editor of Codes in Shadow magazine). Secret writing. 94 pp., New York, 1936.


  • Morrison, Emma C., Morrison's Safety Cypher Code (1st Edition, 19012). 122 pp., limp leather, Troy, N. Y., 1905.
  • Mille De, James, The Cryptogram (A novel). New York, 1871.
  • Meisenbach, A. C., Comp. Acme commodity and phrase code.
  • Machen, Hieroglyphics. ( ? P 2 ).
  • ------, The Most Mysterious Manuscript in the World. Harper's, July, 1921.
  • Mansfield, L. S. C., One Hundred Problems in Cipher (Companion to Solution of Codes and ciphers). 100 very short stories, each with a cipher message as the central point. London, 1936.
  • Mansfield, Louis, C. S. Solution of Codes and Ciphers, 162 pp. London, 1936.
  • Marten, G. Von, Cours Diplomatique 1801 [4th edition 1851].
  • Marguires, Code of Ciphers. A Comprehensive System of Cryptography, Respecting “Secret Language Telegrams,” Quebec, 1880, 1st edition [thumb index.].
  • Mason, Wm. A., History of the Art of Writing. MacMillan Co., N. Y., 1928. [Pub. at $4.00 J
  • McNeil, Bedford, Mining and General Telegraphic Code, 807 pp., Scientific Pub. Co., N. Y., 1899. -
  • -----, Manual of instruction used by MI8 during the war. (This Manual was mentioned in Yardley's American Black Chamber.) [Doubt if any is in circulation.]
  • Mebeth, See Langie, Andre.
  • Methode, Facile-Pour Dechiffer en ecrit Quelconque, Florence, 1833.
  • Meister, Aloys., Die Anfänge der modernen Diplomatis chen Geheimshcrift. Beitrage zur Geschichte der italienischen Kryptographie des XV. Jahrhunderts. Paderborn, F. Schöningh, 1902. 65 p. (2).
  • Meyers, Manual of Signals, N. Y., 1868 [2nd edi., N. Y., 1872].
  • Mirmillo, Charles, Formula for encypher system. 7 p., Oakland, Cal., 1917. (2).
  • Moorman, F., Enciphering and deciphering codes. Scientific American, v. 113:159. Aug., 21, 1915. (2).
  • Myszkoski, Emile V. T., Cryptographie indéchiffrable, basée sur de nouvelles combinaisons rationnelles. Paris, Sociétée francaise d' imprimerie et de librairie, 1902, 69 p. (2).


  • Newbold, William Romaine, The Cipher of Roger Bacon. 8 vo., cloth. Edited with notes by Roland Grubb Kent. Phila., 1928.
  • Newbold, Wm. Romaine, The Cipher of Roger Bacon, London, 1928
  • Noel, C. H., ed Stand-by Nautical telegraph and Radio Code, London, 1934. (5s).
  • -----, New cipher code. Scientific American supplement, v. 83:61. Jan. 27, 1917. (2).


  • Ohaver, M. E., Solving Cipher Secrets in the Detective Fiction Weekly.
  • Ohaver, M. E., Cryptogram Solving. 32 pp., Columbus, Ohio. (ND).
  • Ohaver, M. E., Articles on Cipher in Flynn's Detective Magazines. Dec. 13, 24, Jan. 17, Feb. 21, Mar. 28, Apr. 25, May 16, June 6, June 27, July 25, Aug. 15, Sept. 12, Oct. 10, Oct. 31, Dec. 5, 1925 — Jan 2, Jan. 23, Feb. 20, Mar. 20, Apr. 24, May 22, July 3, Aug. 7, Sept. 4, Oct. 2, Nov. 13, Dec. 18, 1926 – Jan. 22, Apr. 23, 1927.
  • Opuscolo, La Lingua Del Mistero, Rome, 1835.
  • -----, Oraculum Geomanitcus, 1727 (Latin). -
  • Owen, O. W. Sir Francis Bacon's Cipher Story. Discovered and Deciphered. 5 vols., Detroit, 1893-1895.


  • Paddock, I. J. Cipher codes, simplified. v. 113: 271. Scientific American, Sept. 25, 1915. (2).
  • Paddock, P. Magic Lure of Ciphers. Popular Mechanics, Oct., 1926.
  • Pembrock, 1752, which contains amongst other things stenographic codes in melody.
  • Plum, Wm. R. The Military Telegraph during the Civil War in U. S. with an exposition of ancient and modern means of communication and of the federal and confederate cipher systems. 2 Vols., Chicago, 1882.
  • Poe, Edgar Allen. The Gold Bug. Many editions.
  • Poe, Edgar Allen. Poe on Cryptography, Bookman, Mar., 1903.
  • Poe, Edgar Allen. A few words on Secret writing. Graham's Magazine, July, 1841.
  • Pollard. Cipher Five. [2].
  • Porta, B. B., De Furtivis Literarum Notis; vulgo de Ziferis. Londini, John Wolf, 1591. – 4to. 10 f. prel. — 228 pp. With many woodcut cyphers, typographic ornaments and illustrations, including the Four Cardinal Virtues from Elizabeth's Prayerbook.
  • Porta, Giovanni B., De occyltis literarum notis; sev, Artis animi sensa occults alijs significandi, aut ab alijs significata expiscandi enodandique libre IIII . . . Montisbeligardi, apud Iacobvm Foillet, expenses L. Zetzneri, 1593. 275 p. (2).
  • Porta, J. B. De furtivis literarum notis vulgo de ziferis libri IV, Neapoli, J. M. Scotus, 1563, in 4 de 100 f f et 228 pages, velin ancien. Avec 2 planches mobiles et de nombreuses figures dans le texte. Edition originale. [RARE.] (Porta Second writer of importance on Cryptography, Ency. Brit., 1895.)
  • Post, M. D German War Ciphers. v. 38:28-34. Everybody's Magazine, June, 1918. (2).
  • -----, Providence Cryptograph Company. The simplex cryptograph; a complete cipher for general use. 642 p., Providence, R. I., Cryptograph Company, 1902. (2).


  • Quadratura Circuli crypto poligraphici. Pragae, Joa Arnold de Dobros-lawina, 1674, pet in 4 de 11 ff. n. ch 90 pages, et 1 f. velim de L' epodue Avec 1 table typogr. et 23 curiuses planches gravees. Traite curieux d'un auteur inconnu.


  • Ramus, L. D., Ramus system. 2 p. (Boston), 1891. (?).
  • Rathbun, John H. Codes and Ciphers (NP–ND) (1930?).
  • Richardson, A. D. The Secret Service. 8 vo., cloth, 509 pp. Hartford, 1865.
  • Rollins, Montgomery, Fifth Montgomery Code, 616 pp. Leather, Financial Pub. Co., Boston, 1910.
  • Romanini, Vesin De, Ch. Fr. Resume de la cryptographie devoilee ou l'art de traduire on dechiflrer toutes les ecretures, en quelques caracteres et langues que ce sout. Florence, 1844, in 8, br.
  • Rowan, Robert Wilmer, Spies and the Next War, N. Y., 1934.
  • Robinson's Telegraphic Code. 1883.
  • Romanini, C. F., Vesin De La Cryptographie Devoilee, Paris, 1857.
  • Rochfort, William H., A treatise upon arcanography; or, a new method of secret writing, defying discovery or detection, and adapted for all languages; together with working plates and directions for use. 19 p. London, De La Rue and Co., 1836. (2).
  • Rockinger, Dr. Ludwig Von, Ueber Gehéimschriftenschlussel Munchen, 1891.


  • Schofield, R., Comp-Safe check 3 letter code, Japan, 1932. [5 00].
  • Smith, Daniel. Kadme haarez or the Ancient Ones of the Earth, being the History of the primitive alphabet, lately discovered by the author. Melbourne, Haroowd, 1864, in 8, 118 pages, carte de l'editeur. Avec frontispiece en couleurs et 9 planches. Traite curieux qui s (occupe de L'origina de lalangue et de L'ecriture, avec des planches demontrant la formation de l'alphabet.
  • Stoneham, Chas. S., Private Code Book and Rules for Trading, N. Y. (Date?).
  • -----, “Signal Communication for All Arms.” The General Service Schools Press, Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1922.
  • -----, Chief Signal Officer U. S. Army, Signal Book U. S. Army, 1914-1916 and later?
  • -----, Selenus, Gustavus (Augustus, duke of Brunswick), 1624. [????].
  • Stoker, Bram. The Mystery of the Sea, N. Y., 1902 and later. [Very good].
  • -----, Secret Writing, a 48 pp. pamphlet, distributed free by the Hood Rubber Co., Watertown, Mass., 1931.
  • -----, Secret Writing, The Art of, V. 1: 314-318, Practical Magazine, 1873. (2).
  • Schneichkert, Hans, Die Geheimschriften im Dienste Des Geschaefts — und Verehrslebens, 1905.
  • Schott, Gaspar P., Gasparis Schotti . . . Schola steganographice, in classes octo distributa, quibus, praeter alia multa, ac jucundissima. Norimbergae, sumptibus Johannis A. Endteri & Wolfgagi junioris haeredum, excudebat Joby's Hertz, typographus herbipol. 346 p., 1665. (2).
  • Silvester, Opus Novum, 1526 (Latin).
  • Stedman, E. C., and G. E. Woodbury; E. A. Poe, Cryptography in his works.
  • Storch, Arthur, Die Geheimschrift der Carbonari Vienna, 1875. [German].
  • Strother, F. German codes and ciphers. v. 36: 143-153. World's work, June, 1918. (2).
  • Sutphen, Van Tassel, In Jeopardy (a novel). First Edition, N. Y., 1922.
  • -----, Saturday Evening Post, pp 24-25 Mar 10, 1917. [?].
  • Sympson, S. A new book of Ciphers. More complete and regular than any ever published. London, 1750.
  • Sylvester, C. F., Sylvester's sign language and cipher code. 8 p. Stenographic Publishing Company, Boston, Mass., 1889. (2).


  • Theobald, Bertram C., Shakespeare's Sonnets Unmasked. Published by Palmer, London, 1929.
  • Thickness, Philip, A treatise on the art of decyphering, and of writing in cypher. With an harmonic alphabet. 112 p. W. Brown, London, 1772. (2).
  • Thomas, Paul B., Secret Messages, How to Read and Write Them. 137p. First Edition, October, 1928. Second printing, Jan., 1929. A. A. Knopf, New York and London.
  • Trithemus, John, Libri Polygraphise VI Acc. noviter eiusdem Authoris Libellus de Septem secundeis intelligentiis orbes post Deum moventibus. Argentorati, 1613, in 8 de 612 et 90 pp. Velin de L' epodue.
  • Trithemii (Joannes). Polygraphiae libri sex, (bound with). Clavis Polygraphise wood cut titles printed in red (oppenheim). Ioannes Haselbergus de Aia, 1518, Sm. Folio.
  • Trithemii (Joannes). Epistolarum familiarum libra das ad diversos Germaniae Principes, FDiscopos, ac eruditone praestantes uiros guorum Catalogus subjectus est Haegenau P. Brubachius, 1536, Sm. 4to.
  • Trithemii (Joannis). Libri Polygraphiae VI. quibus Praeter Clavem et Observationes Adolphi a Glauburg Patritij Franco furtenis; Accessit Noviter Eiusdem Authoris Libellus de Septem Secundeis seu intelligentiis orbes post Deum moventibus . . . Opus Reconditissimae Scientiae, in quo et Steganographiae principia latent, etc., sm. 8 v., vellum, Argentorati, Sumptibus Lazari Zetneri, 1613.
  • Trithemii (Joannis). Steganographia: Hoc est: Ars Per Occultam Scripturam Animi sui voluntatem absentibus aperiendi certa; . . . Praefixa est huic Opera sua Clavis, . . . nunc vero in gratiam. Secretioris Philosophiae Studiosorum publici juris facta, with two diagrams, Francofurti, ex officina Typographica Joannis Savrii, Sumptibus Joannis Berneri, 1608; Clavis Steganographiae . . . with 11 diagrams, Venundatur apud Johannem Bernerum, Bibliopolam Francofurtensem, 1608; Clavis Generalis Triplex in Libros Steganographicos . . . et Amatoribus huius artis gratitudinem declaraturis et Secreto retinentibus communicanda, Darmbstadii Excudebat Balthasar Hoffman, impensis Johannis Berneri, Bipliop. Francof., 1608; together in one vol. sm. 4to., contemp. vellum. Froncofurti, etc., 1608.
  • Trithemus, Johannes (1462–1516). Chronologica, Mystica First Book on Cryptography, 1518 (All these were destroyed). This was reprinted later as De Polygraphie by Gabriel de Collanges, Paris, 1561, 300 pp. Ref. Yardley Sat. Evening Post, Nov. 21, 1931.
  • Trithemus, Johannes. Steganographia: hoc ss: ars per acevltam scriptvram animi svi volvntatsm absentibys aperiendi certa; avthore reverendissimo st clarissimo viro, Ioanne Trithemic . . . Darmbstadii, ex officina typographica B. Aulaeandria sumptibus I. Berneri, 1621. 158 p. (2).
  • John Trithemus, the abbot of Spanheim, was the first important writer on cryptography, his Poligraphia Pub. in 1500 has passed thru many editions and has supplied the basis for subsequent writers. “Cryptography,” Ency. Brit., 1895.



  • Valerio, Paul E., De la cryptographie; essai sur les méthodes de déchiffrement. Paris, Librairie militaire de L. Baudoin, 1893-96. 2 v. in 1. (2).
  • Valerianus, HIEROGLYPHICA, 1575.
  • Verne, Jules, 800 Leagues on the Amazon [or the Giant Raft].
  • Veslot, Henry, Veslot's International Code, Libraire Larousse, 2 Vol., 996 and 998 pp. Paris [Transmitter & Receiver].
  • Vesin, Ch. Fr., La cryptographie devoiles, ou Art de traduire ou de dechiff rer toutes les ecritures en quelques caracteres et en quelques langues que ce soit, quoique 'on ne connaisse nices caracteres nices langues . . . Bruxelles, Deprez-Perent, 1840. 331 p. (2).
  • Vigenere, Blaise de, Traicte Des Chiffres ov Secrets Manieres D'escrire Par Blaise De Vigenere. Paris, 1586.
  • Viaris, Gaetan H. L., marquis de, L'art de chiffrer et dechiffrer les depeches secretes. Paris, Gauthier-Villars et fils (1893, 175 p. (Encyclopedie scientifique des aide-memoire pub. sous la direction de M. Leaute. Section de l’ ingenieur. No. 38 A). “Bibliographie”: p. 165. (2).
  • VN LLN. Code. 2nd edition A. K. G., 1909.
  • Von Hagen, Cryptography by (???).
  • Von Bayren, Uber Geheimschriftensehlussel, Munich, 1891 (German).


  • Wheatstone, Chas. J. Deciphered letters of Charles I in First Report of the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, 1870.
  • Wheatstone, Chas. J. Scientific Papers of Sir Charles Wheatstone, pub. by the Physical Society of London, 1879.
  • Wheatstone, Charles J., Charles, King (King of Great Britain and Ireland). Interpretation of an important historical document in Cipher by Prof. Wheatstone. Pub. by Philobiblon Society, 1858.
  • Wilson, Geo. W. Fifty original cryptogram limericks; rhymes in Code. 101 p. G. Sully & Co., New York, 1929.
  • Wilkes, George, Cryptography. v. 36: 475-478, 584-590, 716, 718. Cosmopolitan Magazine, Feb.-Apr., 1904. (2).
  • Wilkins, John. The mathematical and philosophical works of the Right Rev. John Wilkins, . . . 2. Printed by C. Whittingham, for Vernor and Hood, London, 1802. (2).
  • (Wilkins, John) Mercury: or The secret and swift messenger. Showing how a man may with privacy and speed communicate his thoughts to a friend at any distance, 172 p. R. Baldwin, London, 1694. (2).
  • -----, Way the Spy Works, The Ladies Home Journal, July, 1917.
  • (Wilkins, John) Mercury or the Secret and Swift Messenger, 1641.
  • White, Maj. J. A., Military Signal Corps Manual, N. Y., 1918.
  • Woodworth, H. S. Simple cipher code. v. 113: 291. Scientific American, Oct. 2, 1915. (2).
  • Worrall, L., ed., Cruiser's and Travellers' Code and handbook. London (Date?) (2s 6d).
  • Wostrowitz, Ed. B., Fleissner Von Handbuch Der Kryptographie Vienna, 1881.
  • -----, Working Puzzles to Save Britain, Literary Digest, Jan. 2, 1932.


  • Yardley, Herbert O., Cryptograms and their solution, Nov. 21, 1931, Saturday Evening Post.
  • Yardley, Herbert O., Secret Inks. Saturday Evening Post, Apr. 4, 1931.
  • Yardley, Herbert O., He solves secrets of cipher writing. An interview with G. Fabyan, American Magazine, Jan., 1925.
  • Yardley, Herbert O., 190 p. Yardleygrams, Indianapolis, 1932.
  • Yardley, H. O., Red Sun of Nippon, N. Y., 1934.
  • Yardley, Herbert O., The American Black Chamber, 375 pp. The Bobbs-Merrell Co., Indianapolis, 1931 [The History and work of the Cryptographic bureau, officially known as Section No. 8 of the Military Intelligence division (MI-8)].
  • Yardley, H. O., The Blond Countess, New York, 1934. The Movie “Rendezvous” was based upon this novel.
  • Yardley, Herbert O., Are we giving away our state secrets? Liberty Magazine, Dec. 19, 1931.
  • Yardley, Herbert O., Codes, Saturday Evening Post, Apr. 18, 1931.
  • Yardley, Herbert O., Ciphers, Saturday Evening Post, May 9, 1931.


  • Zannotti, Mario. Crittografia Le Scritture Segrete. Milano, 1928. (Italian).