𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺𐌰 (Gothic)

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𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺𐌰 (tr. gutiska, "Gothic") is a now-extinct East Germanic language, formerly spoken by the Goths (inclusive of the Visigoths and others), which is best known today in the form of codices containing copies of portions of the Ulfilas' Bible, a translation of texts from Scripture into Gothic from the Greek, the most notable being the Codex Argenteus. The language may be rendered in the form of a 27 character alphabet, devised by Ulfilas for his Bible, which features numeric correspondences, allowing for a form of isopsephy (say, 𐌲𐌰𐌻𐌴𐌹𐌺𐍉𐌽𐌺𐌹𐍃𐌹𐌰) to be used with it.


Letter Tr. Compare Gothic name Proto-Germanic rune Value
𐌰 a Α aza < *ans ["god" (Æsir)], or asks ["ash" (fraxinus)] *ansuz 1
𐌱 b Β bercna < *bairka ["birch"] *berkanan 2
𐌲 g Γ geuua < giba ["gift"] *gebō 3
𐌳 d Δ, D daaz < dags ["day"] *dagaz 4
𐌴 e Ε eyz < aiƕs ["horse"], or eiws ["yew" (taxus baccata)] *eihwaz, *ehwaz 5
𐌵 q Ϛ, ϰ quetra < *qairþra, or qairna ["millstone"] *perþō 6
𐌶 z Ζ - *algiz 7
𐌷 h Η haal < *hagal, or *hagls ["hail"] *haglaz 8
𐌸 þ (th) Φ, Ψ thyth < þiuþ ["good"], or þaurnus ["thorn"] *thurisaz 9
𐌹 i Ι iiz < *eis ["ice"] īsaz 10
𐌺 k Κ chozma < *kusma, or kōnja ["pine sap"] *kaunan 20
𐌻 l Λ laaz < *lagus ["sea, lake"] *laguz 30
𐌼 m Μ manna < manna ["man"] *mannaz 40
𐌽 n Ν noicz < nauþs ["need"] *naudiz 50
𐌾 j G, ᛃ gaar < jēr ["year"] *jēran 60
𐌿 u ᚢ uraz < *ūrus ["aurochs"] *ūruz 70
𐍀 p Π pertra < *pairþa *perþō 80
𐍁 - Ϙ - - 90
𐍂 r R reda < *raida ["wagon"] *raidō 100
𐍃 s S sugil < sauil or sōjil ["sun"] *sôwilô 200
𐍄 t Τ tyz < *tius ["Týr" (Germanic god)] *tīwaz 300
𐍅 w Υ uuinne < winja ["field, pasture"], or winna ["pain"] *wunjō 400
𐍆 f Ϝ, F fe < faihu ["cattle, wealth"] *fehu 500
𐍇 x Χ enguz < *iggus or *iggws ["Yngvi" (Germanic god)] *ingwaz 600
𐍈 ƕ (hw) Θ uuaer < *ƕair ["kettle"] - 700
𐍉 o Ω, Ο, ᛟ utal < *ōþal ["ancestral land"] *ōþala 800
𐍊 - Ͳ (Ϡ) - - 900