Mumia (medicinal powder)
From Kook Science
Mumia (mumia vera; mumiya, mummia, mumie, mummi, mummy, pulvis mumiae, mummy powder) may refer to certain different medicinal powders, often represented as being of Egyptian origin (as mumia vera aegyptiaca), that were historically manufactured as a general remedy for various ailments. The first is a powder of bitumen (asphalt), referred to in the Arabic as mūmiyā and ancient Greek as pissasphaltus; the second is a powder of bitumen extracted from mummified remains that had been embalmed; and the third is a powder of the complete mummified human remains. The substitution of bitumen for mummified remains in Europe is attributed to a translation error that persisted for some centuries in the Medieval period.
- Reutter, Louis (14 Sept. 1912), "De la Mumia vera ou d'un Médicament Démodé" (in French), Journal Suisse de Chimie et Pharmacie (Zürich: Art. Institut Orell Füssli): 562-565, https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=umn.31951002769268x&view=1up&seq=588
- Dawson, Warren R. (2 Nov. 1927), "Mummy as a Drug", Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine: 34-39, https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/003591572702100102
- Pohl, Wilhelm (1902) (in German), Handverkaufs-Wörterbuch: Deutsch-Lateinische Zusammenstellung Synonymer Benennungen Aller im Handverkaufe Begehrten Drogen und Präparate für Pharmaceuten, Droguisten und Aerzte, Wien: B. Bartelt