Improved Order of Red Men
|Improved Order of Red Men|
Facsimile of badge used by IORM, c. 1893
|Motto||"Freedom, Friendship, Charity"|
|Predecessor||Society of Red Men|
The Improved Order of Red Men (IORM), or simply the Red Men, is an American fraternal order, organised at Maryland in 1834, though claiming a lineage as early as 1765, tying itself to the Society of Red Men and Sons of Liberty. The ritual work and governing structure of the IORM is said to be based on the Iroquois Confederacy.
- Lindsay, George W.; Conley, Charles C.; Litchman, Charles H. (1893), Litchman, Charles H., ed., Official History of the Improved Order of Red Men, Boston: The Fraternity Publishing Company, https://archive.org/details/officialhistoryo00lindiala
- Gould, S. C., ed. (November 1896), Improved Order of Red Men, "Masonic and Arcane Societies in the U.S.", Miscellaneous Notes and Queries 14 (11): 282, https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=hvd.32044092649565;view=1up;seq=295, retrieved 2016-11-25, "This Order was really organized in Maryland, in 1835, although there were associations under the name of Red Men at Fort Mifflin during the Mexican war in 1812. The Order adopted for its motto, "Freedom, Friendship, and Charity." Its tribes are found in nearly every State, and it has many attractions that find a response in the bosom of the American people. Its vocabulary is attractive and perpetuates a history and customs of the red race. One thing it has done to perpetuate itself: it has been the means of bringing to light many Indian names which were fast passing into legends. The sonorous words are music in almost every locality through this country and the Red Men have unearthed many from tradition and legend."