Stephen Joice was a resident of Waco, Texas, who, in 1904, was reported to have made an affidavit claiming to have been born in the Louisiana Province in 1756 (making him 148 years old, super-centenarian) in order to receive a poll tax exemption from W. L. Tucker, tax collector in McLennan County.
- "Swears He Is 148 Years Old", New York Times, 1904-01-21, https://www.nytimes.com/1904/01/21/archives/swears-he-is-148-years-old.html
- "Stephen Joice, (col.) of Waco, is declared to be the oldest person in the world, so far as known.", Cherokee County Banner (Jacksonville, Texas) 17 (28): 4, 1904-01-22, https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth507896/m1/4/?q=%22Stephen+Joice%22
- "OLDEST MAN IN THE WORLD. Stephen Joice, Colored, of Waco, is 148 Years of Age — Secured Poll Tax Exemption", The Democrat (McKinney, Texas) 20 (52): 1, 1904-01-28, https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth192209/m1/1
- "Stephen Joice note", Palo Pinto County Star 28 (32): 2, 1904-01-29, https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth1018086/m1/2/zoom/?q=%22Stephen%20Joice%22&resolution=3&lat=3659.8764658472155&lon=2131.6631934341294, "Tax Collector of McClennen county recently issued a poll tax exemption certificate to Stephen Joice, a colored man, whose age was put down as 1480 years, according to which he is the oldest man in the world."
- "The Oldest Man in the World, Stephen Joice, 148 Years of Age, Kept Vigorous and Well by Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey", Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey: Medicine for All Mankind, Being a Short Treatise On How to Acquire And Preserve Health, Together With Endorsements From Those Who Have Used This Marvelous Curative Agent, Rochester, N.Y.: Medical Department, Duffy Malt Whiskey Company, 1904, p. 31, https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.31175035665135;view=1up;seq=33
- "OLDEST LIVING MEN AND WOMEN SAY Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey PROLONGED THEIR LIVES And Has Kept Them Hale, Hearty and Vigorous Beyond the Century Mark", New York Evening World, 1904-03-24, https://hatch.kookscience.com/wiki/File:Duffy%27s_Pure_Malt_Whiskey_-_New_York_Evening_World_(p._3)_-_1904-03-23.jpg