|Dr. Solomon Andrews|
Robert Cornelius daguerreotype of Dr. Solomon Andrews, c. 1842 (NPG)
|Born||15 February 1806
Herkimer, New York
|Died||17 October 1872 (66) 
Perth Amboy, New Jersey
|Alma mater||Queens College (Rutgers) Medical School, 1827 |
|Known for||The Aereon|
|Spouse(s)||Harriet Andrews (m. 1829)|
Solomon Andrews (February 15, 1806 - October 17, 1872) was an American physician, politician, and inventor, recognised for his pioneering contributions to balloon aviation as the designer of the first self-propelled, steerable dirigible airship, the Aereon, which he first flew on June 1, 1863 over Perth Amboy, New Jersey.
- Health officer, planned and implemented Perth Amboy sewage system
- U.S. Collector of Customs, 1844-45
- Mayor of Perth Amboy, N.J., 1849, 1853, 1855
- Inventor of "unpickable" combination lock, contract with U.S. Post Office to secure bags.
- The Inventors' Institute -- "Without eccentricity there is no progression!"
"The Art of Flying: Without Eccentricity There Is No Progression"
The Aereon (from the Greek aer, air + eon, age; "Air Age") was a three-hulled dirigible, "propelled first by gravity and then by buoyancy as he alternated the inclination of the hulls together with changes in the buoyancy," designed based on the principle that "certain orientations of an ellipsoid balloon generate thrust as the vehicle ascends or descends."
- Incorporated in New York, 24 November 1865.
- Officers: Solomon Andrews, President; George W. Trow, Vice President; Emmett Densmore, Treasurer; C. M. Plumb, Secretary.
- Trustees: G. Waldo Hill, Cyrus O. Poole and C. J. Hopkins.
- Motto: Tempus Fugit; Tempore Fugit Homo. (Latin: "Time Flies; Now Man Flies.")
- Whitman, Roger B. (January 1932), Brown, Raymond J., ed., "He Flew an Airship Before the Wrights Were Born!", Popular Science Monthly (New York: Popular Science Publishing Co.) 120 (1): 15-18, https://books.google.com/books?id=3icDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA15
- "New Jersey Deaths and Burials, 1720-1988," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FZQG-QZC : accessed 01 Sep 2014), Dr. Soloman Andrew, 17 Oct 1872; citing , reference; FHL microfilm 542512.
- "Medical School Alumni, 1827", Catalogue of the Officers And Alumni of Rutgers, Trenton, N.J.: Rutgers University, 1770, p. 325, https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=iau.31858051329377;view=1up;seq=329
- Miller, Jr., William McElwee (1975), The Dynairship, p. 1, https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19760007965.pdf, retrieved 2018-02-20
- Senior Spacecraft Design Students (1991), Mars Sample Return Mission: Two Alternate Scenarios - Final Report, Penn State Aerospace Engineering Department, p. 7, https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19920011286.pdf, retrieved 2018-02-20, "[...] the Aereon principle developed by Dr. Solomon Andrews in 1862; it holds that certain orientations of an ellipsoid balloon generate thrust as the vehicle ascends or descends. Using this thrust, the Aereon can pilot its way to a specific location with some accuracy."