Solomon Andrews

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Dr. Solomon Andrews
Solomon Andrews.png
Robert Cornelius daguerreotype of Dr. Solomon Andrews, c. 1842 (NPG)
Born 15 February 1806(1806-02-15)
Herkimer, New York
Died 17 October 1872 (66) [1]
Perth Amboy, New Jersey
Nationality American
Alma mater Queens College (Rutgers) Medical School, 1827 [2]
Known for The Aereon
Spouse(s) Harriet Andrews (m. 1829)

Solomon Andrews (February 15, 1806 - October 17, 1872) was an American physician, politician, and inventor, recognised for his pioneering contributions to balloon aviation as the designer of the first self-propelled, steerable dirigible airship, the Aereon, which he first flew on June 1, 1863 over Perth Amboy, New Jersey.

Background

  • Health officer, planned and implemented Perth Amboy sewage system
  • U.S. Collector of Customs, 1844-45
  • Mayor of Perth Amboy, N.J., 1849, 1853, 1855[3]
  • Inventor of "unpickable" combination lock, contract with U.S. Post Office to secure bags.
  • The Inventors' Institute -- "Without eccentricity there is no progression!"

The Aereon

"The Art of Flying: Without Eccentricity There Is No Progression"

The Aereon (from the Greek aer, air + eon, age; "Air Age") was a three-hulled dirigible, "propelled first by gravity and then by buoyancy as he alternated the inclination of the hulls together with changes in the buoyancy,"[4] designed based on the principle that "certain orientations of an ellipsoid balloon generate thrust as the vehicle ascends or descends."[5]

Aerial Navigation Company

  • Incorporated in New York, 24 November 1865.
  • Officers: Solomon Andrews, President; George W. Trow, Vice President; Emmett Densmore, Treasurer; C. M. Plumb, Secretary.
  • Trustees: G. Waldo Hill, Cyrus O. Poole and C. J. Hopkins.
  • Motto: Tempus Fugit; Tempore Fugit Homo. (Latin: "Time Flies; Now Man Flies.")

Reading

References

  1. "New Jersey Deaths and Burials, 1720-1988," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FZQG-QZC : accessed 01 Sep 2014), Dr. Soloman Andrew, 17 Oct 1872; citing , reference; FHL microfilm 542512.
  2. "Medical School Alumni, 1827", Catalogue of the Officers And Alumni of Rutgers, Trenton, N.J.: Rutgers University, 1770, p. 325, https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=iau.31858051329377;view=1up;seq=329 
  3. http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/andrews.html#627.72.58
  4. Miller, Jr., William McElwee (‎1975), The Dynairship, p. 1, https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19760007965.pdf, retrieved 2018-02-20 
  5. Senior Spacecraft Design Students (1991), Mars Sample Return Mission: Two Alternate Scenarios - Final Report, Penn State Aerospace Engineering Department, p. 7, https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19920011286.pdf, retrieved 2018-02-20, "[...] the Aereon principle developed by Dr. Solomon Andrews in 1862; it holds that certain orientations of an ellipsoid balloon generate thrust as the vehicle ascends or descends. Using this thrust, the Aereon can pilot its way to a specific location with some accuracy."