Supreme Order of the Star Spangled Banner
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The Supreme Order of the Star Spangled Banner (SSSB), sometimes referred to as the Order of the Sons of the Sires of '76, was an American nativist secret society, founded in 1849 at New York City by Charles B. Allen, which existed primarily for the purpose of clandestine political organisation to "keep foreigners, naturalized citizens, and Catholics out of public office." After existing with limited membership in the early years, the order expanded enormously in 1852, leading to a schism whereby Allen and others splintered off, establishing a new three-degree ritual, leaving behind the more popular organisation to the leadership of members of the Order of United Americans (OUA), including James W. Barker, which ultimately served as a wing of the American Party in the broader movement of Know-Nothingism.
- Scisco, Louis Dow (1901), "Political Nativism in New York State", Studies in History, Economics and Public Law, 13, New York: Columbia University Press, https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008885127
- Beals, Carleton (1960), Brass-Knuckle Crusade: the Great Know-Nothing Conspiracy, 1820-1860, New York: Hastings House, https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001143411